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We wish to have white men teach us; we want a sawmill, etc. ‒WAPASHA, STEAMER AGNES, JULY 6, 1868

Article XIII discusses the various tradespeople to be "furnished annually to the Indians."  A shape poem hopefully contrasts the old way of living (thipi) and the coming of tradespeople bringing a new way of living (building and path).  "Still we live now" is at the end to remind us that old and new are dynamic and ever-changing. ‒DEANNA STANDS, YANKTON SIOUX TRIBEE, 2019

My fabric art piece is a depiction of a Sioux Chief expressing his concerns before making his mark. ‒MONTY FRALICK, OGLALA SIOUX TRIBE, 2019

Article 13 states that the United States agrees to provide annually to the Indians the physician, teacher, carpenter, miller, engineer, farmer, and blacksmith. With this in mind, a carpenter is described as to construct a building framework of a structure. In a cultural aspect, the work I created is in that manner, where our ancestors built the foundation of our Oyate to survive and exist through language, art, history, and culture. ‒JAMES STAR COMES OUT, OGLALA SIOUX TRIBE, 2019

The treaty ... is an important valid legal document which contains [articles] for health, education, food, and annuities ... My great, great grandfather was a headman leader and did not go in to the fort and did not sign the Treaty. Because of this he was respected by his band and was able to remain free from an agency and reservation for another 13 years. ‒DONOVIN SPRAGUE, CHEYENNE RIVER SIOUX TRIBE, 2019


Seven stipulated professions—physician, teacher, carpenter, miller, engineer, farmer and blacksmith—are to be paid by the US.

ARTICLE 13. The United States hereby agrees to furnish annually to the Indians the physician, teacher, carpenter, miller, engineer, farmer, and blacksmiths as herein contemplated, and that such appropriations shall be made from time to time, on the estimates of the Secretary of the Interior, as will be sufficient to employ such persons.